Dentistry Publications

Authors: Bushra Rashid Noaman* and Saya Hadi Rauf

Abstract: Background: Community oral health education cannot be achieved without organizing an educational program. Educational programs that had been conducted before, reported a significant impact on improving the knowledge of population about the oral health, especially among children. This research conducted an educational program for 12 years primary schools students. The aim of the study is to determine the effectiveness of an educational program on improving the dental knowledge and promoting oral hygiene. Materials and methods: A primary public school in Erbil had been chosen randomly to perform an examiner blind study. Seventy-four students (12) years (38 males and 36 females) participated in the educational program after inclusion/exclusion criteria. The program had two sessions, in the baseline, the debris accumulation was examined according to the debris index simplified (DI-S] of the Simplified Oral Hygiene Index (OHI–S Green and Vermillion), the students answered 5-items dental knowledge questionnaire, followed by the educational program for two hours, the program continued by the teachers for two hours a week. The second visit was 3 weeks after the baseline one to examine the debris and answered the same 5-items dental knowledge questionnaire. Results: Significant reduction in the DI-S score for all the participants (reduction=42%) on the second visit (p ˂ 0.05). The differences in the results of dental knowledge questionnaire between the two visits were a statistically significant, with p ˂ 0.05. Conclusion: The results indicate a positive initial impact of the educational program on oral cleanliness and the dental knowledge of the schoolchildren.

JOURNAL :  Dental Health, Oral Disorders & Therapy

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Author: Duran Kala

Abstract:  This study focuses tumors of woody trees in the territory of landscape reserve “Teply stan” in Moscow. Abnormal swellings on the trunk of woody trees are called Tumor. Formation of a swell is an evidence of an infringement of metabolism in a tree's body, is a disease of a tree and is a cause of a tree's premature death. Tumor prevents transportation of water and minerals from roots towards the leaves of a tree and transportation of organic matters from the leaves towards roots. The purpose of this study is to find out some appropriatenesses of spreading of tumors of trees in the landscape reserve “Teply stan”. In this study, landscape reserve divided into 9 study sections according to ecological conditions. Surveillance of all trees and statistical analysis of tumor trees in studied section of landscape reserve have done. The results showed that 57 of the counted 25 thousands trees have tumors. 50 of the tumors trees are belong to birch (Betula pendula).Trees with tumors are distributed non-uniformly, generally in central and east parts of landscape reserve that had ecologic pollution. Mainly birch (Betula pendula), oak (Quercus rubor) and linden (Tilia cordata) are damaged by tumors in the studied territory. The most effected trees with tumors are birch (Betula pendula) tree population. The direct proportion between ecological situation and the number of tumors have found.

JOURNAL :  International Journal of Biology

For full article please click HERE.

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