Plate Tectonics and Earthquakes:
Iraqi Kurdistan Region is located at the NE boundary of the Arabian Nobian plate, though most of the earthquakes occur at that area, their effects reach to the other parts of Iraq, as observed in the last earthquake took place on 12 November, 2017.
The tectonic studies proved that the Kurdistan region is located on or close to the boundary of Arabian Nobian plate and Persian or Iranian one, the Arabian plate was subducted under the Iranian, due to convergent movement of the two plates, the movements are still going on, this proved by many evidences, among them the widening of the red sea graben, and other records done by distributed seismic station in the area.
This active movement of the plates will stress the strata beneath the surface of the earth, the reaction will occur by appearance of cracks and fault with displacements, in certain areas, causes deformations and vibrations known as earthquakes.
The activity of any earthquake was subdivided to Preshock, Shock, and aftershock, the first one is not possible to be predicted ( some animals can feel it before few seconds), the strong shocks will be follow by many aftershocks as seen now a days in Kurdistan Region due to the last happened earthquake.
Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) in Disaster Management:
Disaster management technologies have seen remarkable breakthrough in recent years. Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) are designed to move quickly and easily, enables response team with substantial knowledge to plan for rescue operations without costing as much as manned flight operations.
Aerial views are helpful in large scale disaster area.UAV may be flown autonomously; they can access hard to reach areas to perform data gathering tasks that are otherwise unsafe or impossible for human. They are equipped with intelligent flight planning software that allows to easily creating flight paths that focus on specific area of interest, leading to organized and helpful search efforts.
UAV may be equipped with various sensor options that include visual, thermal, and multispectral. These sensors can be flown to conduct ground truth surveys, for example, is perfectly suited for detecting the heat of human body emits, which help to locate survivors in disaster area.
UAV data are used to create an exact 3D reconstruction of disaster zones, when they are compared with historical data, offers new perspectives of the extend of the damage.
Prof. Dr. Bayan Salim ALNu’man, Civil Engineering Department, Ishik University
Last update: 05/01/2018
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